Question

I solved this question my own. The filename was wrong lolz.

Hello everyone!

I'm building a CMS like Drupal and Joomla. I'm working on the module feature (plugins), and I got the following error:

Fatal error: Class 'settings' not found in C:\wamp\www\SYSTEM\view.php on line 22

Here is my code:

start.php

<?php
//First of all, start with some advertisement
header("X-Powered-By:ZOMFG CMS, and ofcourse PHP, but that's less important");
//Then less impotant stuff lololol.
session_start();                                //Start a session
mysql_connect($db_host, $db_user, $db_pass);    //Connect to database
mysql_select_db($db_name);                      //Select a database

//Load core
require_once("core.php");

//Load modules
$res_modules = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM ".$_SERVER["db_prefix"]."modules WHERE enabled=1");
echo mysql_error();
$module_exists = array();
while($row_modules = mysql_fetch_array($res_modules))
{
    //Load module
    $name = $row_modules["name"];
    modules::load_module($name);
    //and initialize it
    eval($name."::init();");
    //Yes, it exists
    $module_exists[$name] = true;
}

//Check if the user wants shit from a module
if(isset($_GET["m"]))//Yes the user want it
{
    //Does the module exist and activated, and has it a function called view?
    if(isset($module_exists[$_GET["m"]]) && method_exists($_GET["m"], "view"))//Yep
    {
        //Load view (should be an array)
        eval("\$module_view = ".$_GET["m"]."::view();");
        if(!is_array($module_view))//Not an array :(
        {
            error::e500module($_GET["m"], $_SERVER["REQUEST_URI"]);
        }
        else//The error would kill the entire script, m'kay
        {
            view::index();
        }
    }
    else//Nope, so display error
    {
        error::e404($_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']);
    }
}

settings.php

<?php
class settings
{
    function get($what)
    {
        $result_get = mysql_query("SELECT value FROM ".$_SERVER["db_prefix"]."settings WHERE key='$what'");
        if(mysql_num_rows($result_get) > 0)
        {
            $row_get = mysql_fetch_array($result_get);
            return $result_get["value"];
        }
        else
        {
            return -1;
        }
    }
}

core.php

<?php
//Load core classes
require_once("settings.php");
require_once("error.php");
require_once("theme.php");
require_once("view.php");
require_once("modules.php");

view.php

<?php
class view
{
    function head()
    {
        include("../THEMES/".settings::get("theme")."/head.php");
    }
    function foot()
    {
        include("../THEMES/".settings::get("theme")."/foot.php");
    }
    function left()
    {
        include("../THEMES/".settings::get("theme")."/left.php");
    }
    function right()
    {
        include("../THEMES/".settings::get("theme")."/right.php");
    }
    function index()
    {
        include("../THEMES/".settings::get("theme")."/index.php");
    }
}

Start.php is obviously executed first. Not other pages are executed before it, except customsettings.php that contains database information. If I used $_SERVER["db_prefix"] in my code above, it's because I needed a superglobal which is set in customsettings.php:

customsettings.php

<?php
$db_host = "localhost";         //Database host
$db_user = "root";              //Database user
$db_pass = "you may not know this";         //Database password
$db_name = "zomfg";             //Database name
$_SERVER["db_prefix"] = "zomfg_";//Prefix, needs to be superglobal

Can anybody help me? It seems that view.php's index function is called before settings.php is included. Sorry if this question is huge, I just want to be clear. Also don't say eval() is evil, I know.

So I want to know why the settings class could not be found. If you need more source code, please comment to this question.

1
9
4/16/2015 9:59:23 AM

Accepted Answer

Though you would expect settings.php to be available to view.php because it was included in a script that includes them both, I have found that this usually isn't the case. You have a couple of choices:

  • require_once all the files each class needs in each class file
  • write an __autoload() function so that PHP can find all your classes whenever it thinks it needs one

The 2nd option is more flexible.

If you want to know classes are available from a particular place try outputting get_declared_classes()

30
4/22/2015 4:24:35 PM

The following does not appy in OP's case but might help others.

Check whether your code uses short tags <? instead of <?php and if yes, then check your php.ini for short_open_tag setting.

By default it is off but if you inherit your php installation from someone else...


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