How to make asynchronous HTTP requests in PHP


Question

Is there a way in PHP to make asynchronous HTTP calls? I don't care about the response, I just want to do something like file_get_contents(), but not wait for the request to finish before executing the rest of my code. This would be super useful for setting off "events" of a sort in my application, or triggering long processes.

Any ideas?

1
195
7/9/2018 6:04:14 AM

Accepted Answer

The answer I'd previously accepted didn't work. It still waited for responses. This does work though, taken from How do I make an asynchronous GET request in PHP?

function post_without_wait($url, $params)
{
    foreach ($params as $key => &$val) {
      if (is_array($val)) $val = implode(',', $val);
        $post_params[] = $key.'='.urlencode($val);
    }
    $post_string = implode('&', $post_params);

    $parts=parse_url($url);

    $fp = fsockopen($parts['host'],
        isset($parts['port'])?$parts['port']:80,
        $errno, $errstr, 30);

    $out = "POST ".$parts['path']." HTTP/1.1\r\n";
    $out.= "Host: ".$parts['host']."\r\n";
    $out.= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded\r\n";
    $out.= "Content-Length: ".strlen($post_string)."\r\n";
    $out.= "Connection: Close\r\n\r\n";
    if (isset($post_string)) $out.= $post_string;

    fwrite($fp, $out);
    fclose($fp);
}
42
5/23/2017 11:54:36 AM

If you control the target that you want to call asynchronously (e.g. your own "longtask.php"), you can close the connection from that end, and both scripts will run in parallel. It works like this:

  1. quick.php opens longtask.php via cURL (no magic here)
  2. longtask.php closes the connection and continues (magic!)
  3. cURL returns to quick.php when the connection is closed
  4. Both tasks continue in parallel

I have tried this, and it works just fine. But quick.php won't know anything about how longtask.php is doing, unless you create some means of communication between the processes.

Try this code in longtask.php, before you do anything else. It will close the connection, but still continue to run (and suppress any output):

while(ob_get_level()) ob_end_clean();
header('Connection: close');
ignore_user_abort();
ob_start();
echo('Connection Closed');
$size = ob_get_length();
header("Content-Length: $size");
ob_end_flush();
flush();

The code is copied from the PHP manual's user contributed notes and somewhat improved.


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