PHP + SQL Server - How to set charset for connection?


I'm trying to store some data in a SQL Server database through php.

Problem is that special chars aren't converted properly. My app's charset is iso-8859-1 and the one used by the server is windows-1252.

Converting the data manually before inserting doesn't help, there seems to be some conversion going on.

Running the SQL query 'set char_convert off' doesn't help either.

Anyone have any idea how I can get this to work?

EDIT: I have tried ini_set('mssql.charset', 'windows-1252'); as well, but no result with that one either.

8/27/2009 4:46:29 AM

Accepted Answer

Client charset is necessary but not sufficient:

ini_set('mssql.charset', 'UTF-8');

I searched for two days how to insert UTF-8 data (from web forms) into MSSQL 2008 through PHP. I read everywhere that you can't, you need to convert to UCS2 first (like cypher's solution recommends). On Windows SQLSRV said to be a good solution, which I couldn't try, since I am developing on Mac OSX.

However, FreeTDS manual (what PHP mssql uses on OSX) says to add a letter "N" before the opening quote:

mssql_query("INSERT INTO table (nvarcharField) VALUES (N'űáúőűá球最大的采购批发平台')", +xon);

According to this discussion, N character tells the server to convert to Unicode.

4/12/2017 7:31:22 AM

I had the same problem and ini_set('mssql.charset', 'utf-8') did not work for me. However, it worked in uppercase:

ini_set('mssql.charset', 'UTF-8');

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