How do I insert NULL values using PDO?


Question

I'm using this code and I'm beyond frustration:

try {
    $dbh = new PDO('mysql:dbname=' . DB . ';host=' . HOST, USER, PASS);
    $dbh->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
    $dbh->setAttribute(PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_INIT_COMMAND, "SET NAMES 'utf8'");
}
catch(PDOException $e)
{
    ...
}
$stmt = $dbh->prepare('INSERT INTO table(v1, v2, ...) VALUES(:v1, :v2, ...)');
$stmt->bindParam(':v1', PDO::PARAM_NULL); // --> Here's the problem

PDO::PARAM_NULL, null, '', all of them fail and throw this error:

Fatal error: Cannot pass parameter 2 by reference in /opt/...

1
102
6/11/2014 12:19:02 PM

Accepted Answer

I'm just learning PDO, but I think you need to use bindValue, not bindParam

bindParam takes a variable, to reference, and doesn't pull in a value at the time of calling bindParam. I found this in a comment on the php docs:

bindValue(':param', null, PDO::PARAM_INT);

EDIT: P.S. You may be tempted to do this bindValue(':param', null, PDO::PARAM_NULL); but it did not work for everybody (thank you Will Shaver for reporting.)

131
1/25/2015 5:35:45 AM

When using bindParam() you must pass in a variable, not a constant. So before that line you need to create a variable and set it to null

$myNull = null;
$stmt->bindParam(':v1', $myNull, PDO::PARAM_NULL);

You would get the same error message if you tried:

$stmt->bindParam(':v1', 5, PDO::PARAM_NULL);

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