Extracting matches from php regex


Question

In perl regex we can extract the matched variables, ex below.

   # extract hours, minutes, seconds
   $time =~ /(\d\d):(\d\d):(\d\d)/; # match hh:mm:ss format
   $hours = $1;
   $minutes = $2;
   $seconds = $3;

How to do this in php?

$subject = "E:contact@customer.com I:100955";
$pattern = "/^E:/";
if (preg_match($pattern, $subject)) {
    echo "Yes, A Match";
}

How to extract the email from there? (We can explode it and get it...but would like a method to get it directly through regex)?

1
15
9/29/2009 6:44:35 PM

Accepted Answer

Try using the named subpattern syntax of preg_match:

<?php

$str = 'foobar: 2008';

// Works in PHP 5.2.2 and later.
preg_match('/(?<name>\w+): (?<digit>\d+)/', $str, $matches);

// Before PHP 5.2.2, use this:
// preg_match('/(?P<name>\w+): (?P<digit>\d+)/', $str, $matches);

print_r($matches);

?>

Output:

 Array (
     [0] => foobar: 2008
     [name] => foobar
     [1] => foobar
     [digit] => 2008
     [2] => 2008 )
26
9/29/2009 2:49:42 PM

Check the php manual

int preg_match ( string $pattern , string $subject [, array &$matches [, int $flags [, int $offset ]]] )

If matches is provided, then it is filled with the results of search. $matches[0] will contain the text that matched the full pattern, $matches1 will have the text that matched the first captured parenthesized subpattern, and so on.

$subject = "E:contact@customer.com I:100955";
$pattern = "/^E:(?<contact>\w+) I:(?<id>\d+)$/";
if (preg_match($pattern, $subject,$matches)) {
    print_r($matches);
}

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