How to validate domain name in PHP?


Question

Is it possible without using regular expression?

For example, I want to check that a string is a valid domain:

domain-name
abcd
example

Are valid domains. These are invalid of course:

domaia@name
ab$%cd

And so on. So basically it should start with an alphanumeric character, then there may be more alnum characters plus also a hyphen. And it must end with an alnum character, too.

If it's not possible, could you suggest me a regexp pattern to do this?

EDIT:

Why doesn't this work? Am I using preg_match incorrectly?

$domain = '@djkal';
$regexp = '/^[a-zA-Z0-9][a-zA-Z0-9\-\_]+[a-zA-Z0-9]$/';
if (false === preg_match($regexp, $domain)) {
    throw new Exception('Domain invalid');
}
1
31
11/19/2009 7:12:20 AM

<?php
function is_valid_domain_name($domain_name)
{
    return (preg_match("/^([a-z\d](-*[a-z\d])*)(\.([a-z\d](-*[a-z\d])*))*$/i", $domain_name) //valid chars check
            && preg_match("/^.{1,253}$/", $domain_name) //overall length check
            && preg_match("/^[^\.]{1,63}(\.[^\.]{1,63})*$/", $domain_name)   ); //length of each label
}
?>

Test cases:

is_valid_domain_name? [a]                       Y
is_valid_domain_name? [0]                       Y
is_valid_domain_name? [a.b]                     Y
is_valid_domain_name? [localhost]               Y
is_valid_domain_name? [google.com]              Y
is_valid_domain_name? [news.google.co.uk]       Y
is_valid_domain_name? [xn--fsqu00a.xn--0zwm56d] Y
is_valid_domain_name? [goo gle.com]             N
is_valid_domain_name? [google..com]             N
is_valid_domain_name? [google.com ]             N
is_valid_domain_name? [google-.com]             N
is_valid_domain_name? [.google.com]             N
is_valid_domain_name? [<script]                 N
is_valid_domain_name? [alert(]                  N
is_valid_domain_name? [.]                       N
is_valid_domain_name? [..]                      N
is_valid_domain_name? [ ]                       N
is_valid_domain_name? [-]                       N
is_valid_domain_name? []                        N
129
2/20/2013 11:01:37 PM

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