Checking for an empty field with MySQL


I've wrote a query to check for users with certain criteria, one being they have an email address.

Our site will allow a user to have or not have an email address.

 SELECT `userID` 
 FROM `users` 
 WHERE `userID` 
         FROM `users_indvSettings`
  WHERE `indvSettingID`=5 AND `optionID`='.$time.')
  AND `email`!=""

Is this the best way to check for an empty field in SQL? I've just tried "IS NOT NULL" and this still returned a users record without them having an email address.

The query above works but out of curiosity I wondered if I'm doing it the correct way.

2/24/2010 3:13:52 PM

An empty field can be either an empty string or a NULL.

To handle both, use:

email > ''

which can benefit from the range access if you have lots of empty email record (both types) in your table.

2/24/2010 3:30:13 PM

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