How does true/false work in PHP?

php

Question

I wonder how PHP handles true/false comparison internally. I understand that true is defined as 1 and false is defined as 0. When I do if("a"){ echo "true";} it echos "true". How does PHP recognize "a" as 1 ?

1
47
3/22/2017 7:48:23 PM

Accepted Answer

This is covered in the PHP documentation for booleans and type comparison tables.

When converting to boolean, the following values are considered FALSE:

  • the boolean FALSE itself
  • the integer 0 (zero)
  • the float 0.0 (zero)
  • the empty string, and the string '0'
  • an array with zero elements
  • an object with zero member variables (PHP 4 only)
  • the special type NULL (including unset variables)
  • SimpleXML objects created from empty tags

Every other value is considered TRUE.

91
1/17/2017 4:22:09 PM

Zero is false, nonzero is true.

In php you can test more explicitly using the === operator.

if (0==false) 
    echo "works"; // will echo works

if (0===false) 
    echo "works"; // will not echo anything

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