How to remove duplicate values from a multi-dimensional array in PHP


Question

How can I remove duplicate values from a multi-dimensional array in PHP?

Example array:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
    (
        [0] => abc
        [1] => def
    )

    [1] => Array
    (
        [0] => ghi
        [1] => jkl
    )

    [2] => Array
    (
        [0] => mno
        [1] => pql
    )

    [3] => Array
    (
        [0] => abc
        [1] => def
    )

    [4] => Array
    (
        [0] => ghi
        [1] => jkl
    )

    [5] => Array
    (
        [0] => mno
        [1] => pql
    )

)
1
284
11/21/2008 2:50:30 AM

Accepted Answer

Here is another way. No intermediate variables are saved.

We used this to de-duplicate results from a variety of overlapping queries.

$input = array_map("unserialize", array_unique(array_map("serialize", $input)));
609
3/6/2015 4:28:12 PM

Since 5.2.9 you can use array_unique() if you use the SORT_REGULAR flag like so:

array_unique($array, SORT_REGULAR);

This makes the function compare elements for equality as if $a == $b were being used, which is perfect for your case.

Output

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [0] => abc
            [1] => def
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [0] => ghi
            [1] => jkl
        )

    [2] => Array
        (
            [0] => mno
            [1] => pql
        )

)

Keep in mind, though, that the documentation states:

array_unique() is not intended to work on multi dimensional arrays.


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