On the PHP website, the only real checking they suggest is using
move_uploaded_file(), here. Of course you usually don't want user's uploading any type of file, for a variety of reasons.
Because of this, I have often used some "strict" mime type checking. Of course this is very flawed because often mime types are wrong and users can't upload their file. It is also very easy to fake and/or change. And along with all of that, each browser and OS deals with them differently.
Another method is to check the extension, which of course is even easier to change than mime type.
If you only want images, using something like
getimagesize() will work.
What about other types of files? PDFs, Word documents or Excel files? Or even text only files?
Take a look at mime_content_type or Fileinfo. These are built-in PHP commands for determining the type of a file by looking at the contents of the file. Also check the comments on the above two pages, there are some other good suggestions.
Personally I've had good luck using something that's essentially
system("file -bi $uploadedfile"), but I'm not sure if that's the best method.
IMHO, all MIME-type checking methods are useless.
Say you've got which should have MIME-type
application/pdf. Standard methods are trying to find something that looks like a PDF header (
%PDF- or smth. like that) and they will return 'Okay, seems like this is a PDF file' on success. But in fact this doesn't means anything. You can upload a file containing only
%PDF-1.4 and it will pass MIME-check.
I mean if the file has an expected MIME-type - it will always pass the MIME-type check otherwise the result is undefined.