How can one run multiple versions of PHP 5.x on a development LAMP server?


Question

I need to test my PHP applications with multiple versions of PHP 5.x, such as PHP 5.0.0 and PHP 5.2.8.

Is there a way that I can configure a development LAMP server so I can quickly test applications with multiple versions of PHP5?

1
81
2/15/2017 12:39:31 AM

Accepted Answer

One way to do this is to have your main version of php set up with mod_php and run all of the others through fast cgi on different ports (i.e. 81, 82, 83 etc). This won't guarantee totally consistent behavior though.

17
2/7/2009 8:36:56 PM

With CentOS, you can do it using a combination of fastcgi for one version of PHP, and php-fpm for the other, as described here:

https://web.archive.org/web/20130707085630/http://linuxplayer.org/2011/05/intall-multiple-version-of-php-on-one-server

Based on CentOS 5.6, for Apache only

1. Enable rpmforge and epel yum repository

wget http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
wget http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -ivh rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
sudo rpm -ivh epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm

2. Install php-5.1

CentOS/RHEL 5.x series have php-5.1 in box, simply install it with yum, eg:

sudo yum install php php-mysql php-mbstring php-mcrypt

3. Compile and install php 5.2 and 5.3 from source

For php 5.2 and 5.3, we can find many rpm packages on the Internet. However, they all conflict with the php which comes with CentOS, so, we’d better build and install them from soure, this is not difficult, the point is to install php at different location.

However, when install php as an apache module, we can only use one version of php at the same time. If we need to run different version of php on the same server, at the same time, for example, different virtual host may need different version of php. Fortunately, the cool FastCGI and PHP-FPM can help.

Build and install php-5.2 with fastcgi enabled

1) Install required dev packages

yum install gcc libxml2-devel bzip2-devel zlib-devel \
    curl-devel libmcrypt-devel libjpeg-devel \
    libpng-devel gd-devel mysql-devel

2) Compile and install

wget http://cn.php.net/get/php-5.2.17.tar.bz2/from/this/mirror
tar -xjf php-5.2.17.tar.bz2
cd php-5.2.17
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php52 \
    --with-config-file-path=/etc/php52 \
    --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php52/php.d \
    --with-libdir=lib64 \
    --with-mysql \
    --with-mysqli \
    --enable-fastcgi \
    --enable-force-cgi-redirect \
    --enable-mbstring \
    --disable-debug \
    --disable-rpath \
    --with-bz2 \
    --with-curl \
    --with-gettext \
    --with-iconv \
    --with-openssl \
    --with-gd \
    --with-mcrypt \
    --with-pcre-regex \
    --with-zlib
make -j4 > /dev/null
sudo make install
sudo mkdir /etc/php52
sudo cp php.ini-recommended /etc/php52/php.ini

3) create a fastcgi wrapper script

create file /usr/local/php52/bin/fcgiwrapper.sh

#!/bin/bash
PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS=10000
export PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
exec /usr/local/php52/bin/php-cgi
chmod a+x /usr/local/php52/bin/fcgiwrapper.sh
Build and install php-5.3 with fpm enabled

wget http://cn.php.net/get/php-5.3.6.tar.bz2/from/this/mirror
tar -xjf php-5.3.6.tar.bz2 
cd php-5.3.6
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php53 \
    --with-config-file-path=/etc/php53 \
    --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php53/php.d \
    --enable-fpm \
    --with-fpm-user=apache \
    --with-fpm-group=apache \
    --with-libdir=lib64 \
    --with-mysql \
    --with-mysqli \
    --enable-mbstring \
    --disable-debug \
    --disable-rpath \
    --with-bz2 \
    --with-curl \
    --with-gettext \
    --with-iconv \
    --with-openssl \
    --with-gd \
    --with-mcrypt \
    --with-pcre-regex \
    --with-zlib 

make -j4 && sudo make install
sudo mkdir /etc/php53
sudo cp php.ini-production /etc/php53/php.ini

sed -i -e 's#php_fpm_CONF=\${prefix}/etc/php-fpm.conf#php_fpm_CONF=/etc/php53/php-fpm.conf#' \
    sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm
sudo cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
sudo chmod a+x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
sudo /sbin/chkconfig --add php-fpm
sudo /sbin/chkconfig php-fpm on

sudo cp sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf /etc/php53/

Configue php-fpm

Edit /etc/php53/php-fpm.conf, change some settings. This step is mainly to uncomment some settings, you can adjust the value if you like.

pid = run/php-fpm.pid
listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
pm.start_servers = 10
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 20

Then, start fpm

sudo /etc/init.d/php-fpm start

Install and setup mod_fastcgi, mod_fcgid

sudo yum install libtool httpd-devel apr-devel
wget http://www.fastcgi.com/dist/mod_fastcgi-current.tar.gz
tar -xzf mod_fastcgi-current.tar.gz
cd mod_fastcgi-2.4.6
cp Makefile.AP2 Makefile
sudo make top_dir=/usr/lib64/httpd/ install
sudo sh -c "echo 'LoadModule fastcgi_module modules/mod_fastcgi.so' > /etc/httpd/conf.d/mod_fastcgi.conf"
yum install mod_fcgid

Setup and test virtual hosts

1) Add the following line to /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 web1.example.com web2.example.com web3.example.com

2) Create web document root and drop an index.php under it to show phpinfo switch to user root, run

mkdir /var/www/fcgi-bin
for i in {1..3}; do
    web_root=/var/www/web$i
    mkdir $web_root
    echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > $web_root/index.php
done

Note: The empty /var/www/fcgi-bin directory is required, DO NOT REMOVE IT LATER

3) Create Apache config file(append to httpd.conf)

NameVirtualHost *:80

# module settings
# mod_fcgid
<IfModule mod_fcgid.c>
        idletimeout 3600
        processlifetime 7200
        maxprocesscount 17
        maxrequestsperprocess 16
        ipcconnecttimeout 60 
        ipccommtimeout 90
</IfModule>
# mod_fastcgi with php-fpm
<IfModule mod_fastcgi.c>
        FastCgiExternalServer /var/www/fcgi-bin/php-fpm -host 127.0.0.1:9000
</IfModule>


# virtual hosts...

#################################################################
#1st virtual host, use mod_php, run php-5.1
#################################################################
<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerName web1.example.com
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/web1"

        <ifmodule mod_php5.c>
                <FilesMatch \.php$>
                        AddHandler php5-script .php
                </FilesMatch>
        </IfModule>

        <Directory "/var/www/web1">
                DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm
                Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>

</VirtualHost>
#################################################################
#2nd virtual host, use mod_fcgid, run php-5.2
#################################################################
<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerName web2.example.com
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/web2"

        <IfModule mod_fcgid.c>
                AddHandler fcgid-script .php
                FCGIWrapper /usr/local/php52/bin/fcgiwrapper.sh
        </IfModule>

        <Directory "/var/www/web2">
                DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm
                Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>

</VirtualHost>
#################################################################
#3rd virtual host, use mod_fastcgi + php-fpm, run php-5.3
#################################################################
<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerName web3.example.com
        DocumentRoot "/var/www/web3"


        <IfModule mod_fastcgi.c>
                ScriptAlias /fcgi-bin/ /var/www/fcgi-bin/
                AddHandler php5-fastcgi .php
                Action php5-fastcgi /fcgi-bin/php-fpm
        </IfModule>

        <Directory "/var/www/web3">
                DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm
                Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>

</VirtualHost>

4) restart apache. visit the 3 sites respectly to view phpinfo and validate the result. ie:

http://web1.example.com
http://web2.example.com
http://web3.example.com

If all OK, you can use one of the 3 virtual host as template to create new virtual host, with the desired php version.


Licensed under: CC-BY-SA with attribution
Not affiliated with: Stack Overflow
Icon