How to "flatten" a multi-dimensional array to simple one in PHP?


Question

It's probably beginner question but I'm going through documentation for longer time already and I can't find any solution. I thought I could use implode for each dimension and then put those strings back together with str_split to make new simple array. However I never know if the join pattern isn't also in values and so after doing str_split my original values could break.

Is there something like combine($array1, $array2) for arrays inside of multi-dimensional array?

1
71
12/3/2011 3:55:25 AM

Accepted Answer

Use array_walk_recursive

<?php

$aNonFlat = array(
    1,
    2,
    array(
        3,
        4,
        5,
        array(
            6,
            7
        ),
        8,
        9,
    ),
    10,
    11
);

$objTmp = (object) array('aFlat' => array());

array_walk_recursive($aNonFlat, create_function('&$v, $k, &$t', '$t->aFlat[] = $v;'), $objTmp);

var_dump($objTmp->aFlat);

/*
array(11) {
  [0]=>
  int(1)
  [1]=>
  int(2)
  [2]=>
  int(3)
  [3]=>
  int(4)
  [4]=>
  int(5)
  [5]=>
  int(6)
  [6]=>
  int(7)
  [7]=>
  int(8)
  [8]=>
  int(9)
  [9]=>
  int(10)
  [10]=>
  int(11)
}
*/

?>

Tested with PHP 5.5.9-1ubuntu4.24 (cli) (built: Mar 16 2018 12:32:06)

41
5/3/2018 2:22:33 AM

$array  = your array

$result = call_user_func_array('array_merge', $array);

echo "<pre>";
print_r($result);

REF: http://php.net/manual/en/function.call-user-func-array.php

Here is another solution (works with multi-dimensional array) :

function array_flatten($array) {

   $return = array();
   foreach ($array as $key => $value) {
       if (is_array($value)){ $return = array_merge($return, array_flatten($value));}
       else {$return[$key] = $value;}
   }
   return $return;

}

$array  = Your array

$result = array_flatten($array);

echo "<pre>";
print_r($result);

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