Commands out of sync; you can't run this command now


Question

I am trying to execute my PHP code, which calls two MySQL queries via mysqli, and get the error "Commands out of sync; you can't run this command now".

Here is the code I am using

<?php
$con = mysqli_connect("localhost", "user", "password", "db");
if (!$con) {
    echo "Can't connect to MySQL Server. Errorcode: %s\n". Mysqli_connect_error();
    exit;
}
$con->query("SET NAMES 'utf8'");
$brand ="o";
$countQuery = "SELECT ARTICLE_NO FROM AUCTIONS WHERE upper(ARTICLE_NAME) LIKE % ? %";
if ($numRecords = $con->prepare($countQuery)) {
    $numRecords->bind_param("s", $brand);
    $numRecords->execute();
    $data = $con->query($countQuery) or die(print_r($con->error));
    $rowcount = $data->num_rows;
    $rows = getRowsByArticleSearch("test", "Auctions", " ");
    $last = ceil($rowcount/$page_rows);
}  else {

print_r($con->error);
}
foreach ($rows as $row) {
    $pk = $row['ARTICLE_NO'];
    echo '<tr>' . "\n";
    echo '<td><a href="#" onclick="updateByPk(\'Layer2\', \'' . $pk . '\')">'.$row['USERNAME'].'</a></td>' . "\n";
    echo '<td><a href="#" onclick="updateByPk(\'Layer2\', \'' . $pk . '\')">'.$row['shortDate'].'</a></td>' . "\n";
    echo '<td><a href="#" onclick="deleterec(\'Layer2\', \'' . $pk . '\')">DELETE RECORD</a></td>' . "\n";
    echo '</tr>' . "\n";
}
function getRowsByArticleSearch($searchString, $table, $max) {
    $con = mysqli_connect("localhost", "user", "password", "db");
    $recordsQuery = "SELECT ARTICLE_NO, USERNAME, ACCESSSTARTS, ARTICLE_NAME, date_format(str_to_date(ACCESSSTARTS, '%d/%m/%Y %k:%i:%s'), '%d %m %Y' ) AS shortDate FROM AUCTIONS WHERE upper(ARTICLE_NAME) LIKE '%?%' ORDER BY str_to_date(ACCESSSTARTS, '%d/%m/%Y %k:%i:%s')" . $max;
    if ($getRecords = $con->prepare($recordsQuery)) {
        $getRecords->bind_param("s", $searchString);
        $getRecords->execute();
        $getRecords->bind_result($ARTICLE_NO, $USERNAME, $ACCESSSTARTS, $ARTICLE_NAME, $shortDate);
        while ($getRecords->fetch()) {
            $result = $con->query($recordsQuery);
            $rows = array();
            while($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) {
                $rows[] = $row;
            }
            return $rows;
        }
    }
}

I have tried reading up on this, but I am unsure of what to do. I have read about store result and free result, however these have made no difference when using them. I am unsure at exactly which point this error is being caused, and would like to know why it is being caused, and how to fix it.

Going by my debug statements, the first if loop for countQuery is not even being entered, because of an error in my sql syntax near near '% ? %'. However if I just select * instead of trying to limit based on a LIKE clause, I still get the command out of sync error.

1
84
10/23/2012 1:01:44 PM

Accepted Answer

You can't have two simultaneous queries because mysqli uses unbuffered queries by default (for prepared statements; it's the opposite for vanilla mysql_query). You can either fetch the first one into an array and loop through that, or tell mysqli to buffer the queries (using $stmt->store_result()).

See here for details.

104
11/13/2011 4:21:17 PM

I solved this problem in my C application - here's how I did it:

  1. Quoting from mysql forums:

    This error results when you terminate your query with a semicolon delimiter inside the application. While it is required to terminate a query with a semicolon delimiter when executing it from the command line or in the query browser, remove the delimiter from the query inside your application.

  2. After running my query and dealing with the results [C API: mysql_store_result()], I iterate over any further potentially pending results that occurs via multiple SQL statement execution such as two or more select statements (back to back without dealing with the results).

    The fact is that my procedures don't return multiple results but the database doesn't know that until I execute: [C API: mysql_next_result()]. I do this in a loop (for good measure) until it returns non-zero. That's when the current connection handler knows it's okay to execute another query (I cache my handlers to minimize connection overhead).

    This is the loop I use:

    for(; mysql_next_result(mysql_handler) == 0;) 
      /* do nothing */;
    

I don't know PHP but I'm sure it has something similar.


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