On my website I use PHP sessions. Session information is stored in files in my ./session path. After a few months I discovered that these session files are never deleted, by now there are 145.000 of them in this directory.
How should these be cleaned up? Do I have to do it programmatically, or is ther a setting I can use somewhere that would have this cleanup happen automatically?
EDIT forgot to mention: This site runs at a provider, so I don't have access to a command line. I do have ftp-access, but the session files belong to another user (the one the webserver proces runs I guess) From the first answers I got I think it's not just a setting on the server or PHP, so I guess I'll have to implement something for it in PHP, and call that periodically from a browser (maybe from a cron job running on my own machine at home)
To handle session properly, take a look at http://php.net/manual/en/session.configuration.php.
There you'll find these variables:
These control the garbage collector (GC) probability of running with each page request.
You could set those with ini_set() at the beginning of your script or .htaccess file so you get certainty to some extent they will get deleted sometime.
Debian/Ubuntu handles this with a cronjob defined in /etc/cron.d/php5
# /etc/cron.d/php5: crontab fragment for php5 # This purges session files older than X, where X is defined in seconds # as the largest value of session.gc_maxlifetime from all your php.ini # files, or 24 minutes if not defined. See /usr/lib/php5/maxlifetime # Look for and purge old sessions every 30 minutes 09,39 * * * * root [ -d /var/lib/php5 ] && find /var/lib/php5/ -type f -cmin +$(/usr/lib/php5/maxlifetime) -print0 | xargs -r -0 rm
The maxlifetime script simply returns the number of minutes a session should be kept alive by checking php.ini, it looks like this
#!/bin/sh -e max=1440 for ini in /etc/php5/*/php.ini; do cur=$(sed -n -e 's/^[[:space:]]*session.gc_maxlifetime[[:space:]]*=[[:space:]]*\([0-9]\+\).*$/\1/p' $ini 2>/dev/null || true); [ -z "$cur" ] && cur=0 [ "$cur" -gt "$max" ] && max=$cur done echo $(($max/60)) exit 0